Tai chi chuan (traditional Chinese: 太極拳; simplified Chinese: 太极拳; pinyin: tàijíquán; Wade-Giles: t'ai4 chi2 ch'üan2) is an internal Chinese martial art. Tai chi is typically practised for a
variety of reasons: its soft martial techniques, demonstration competitions, health and longevity. Consequently, there exist a multitude of training forms, both traditional and modern, which
correspond to those aims. Some of Tai chi chuan's training forms are well known to Westerners as the slow motion routines that groups of people practice together every morning in parks around the
world, particularly in China.
Today, tai chi has spread worldwide. Most modern styles of tai chi trace their development to at least one of the five traditional schools: Chen, Yang, Wu/Hao, Wu and Sun. Who actually created
tai chi is a subject of much argument and speculation. However, the oldest documented tradition is that of the Chen family from the 1820s
KOREAN HAEDONG GUMDO
(KOREAN SWORD FIGHTING)
Haedong Kumdo, also spelled Haidong Gumdo, is a name coined around 1982 and used for several Korean martial arts organizations that use swords. Spelling varies between certain organizations.
Most notable are Haidong Gumdo by the original organization (Daehan Haidong Gumdo Federation) under Kim Jeong-Ho, and Haedong Kumdo by the largest offshoot (Hanguk Haedong Gumdo Federation) under Na
Haidong Gumdo was founded by members who seceded from the Korea Kumdo Association (KKA) . Haidong Gumdo is significantly modified in style from standard kumdo, emphasizing what they consider a
native Korean "battlefield" style of combat over the one-on-one dueling style found in standard or Daehan Kumdo. As such, it is unrelated to modern, standard kumdo, although it also claims to be
kumdo. By contrast, the KKA promotes Daehan Kumdo (大韓劍道), with rules virtually identical to kendo, with noted changes to reflect Korean cultural influences and methodology.